What Should Guinea Pigs Have in Their Cage? [5 Essentials]

Guinea pigs need a spacious and comfortable cage to feel safe and happy. The ideal cage size is at least 7.5 square feet as they love to explore and run around. The cage should also be well ventilated to help keep the air fresh.

A solid base and thick bedding, such as hay or wood shavings, should also be included in the cage. This will make them feel cozy and will also help to absorb any messes.

A comfortable bedding is not the only item guinea pigs need. They also need enrichment and entertainment items. Providing them with a variety of toys, such as plastic balls, tunnels, and hideaways, will help to keep them active and entertained.

A food bowl and a water bottle are also necessary for guinea pigs. They love to munch on hay and other fresh vegetables, so a hay rack is also a good item to have in the cage.

Last but not least, guinea pigs need a place to hide. Providing them with a hiding house or box will give them a safe place to go when they feel threatened.

By supplying your guinea pig with a comfortable cage, bedding, toys, food and water, and a hiding house, you will ensure they have a happy and healthy home.

Selecting the Right Bedding

The Material

Guinea pigs like to burrow and nest, so a soft, comfortable material is ideal. Some good options include fleece, hay, or soft blankets. Avoid using anything made of wool as it can cause skin irritation.

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It should be big enough for your guinea pig to move around in, but not so big that it gets lost. A good rule of thumb is to get bedding that is at least twice the size of your guinea pig.


Guinea pigs are very clean animals and they like to keep their sleeping area clean as well. Look for bedding that is absorbent and will help keep their cage clean and dry.

Note: Make sure the bedding you select is safe for guinea pigs. Some materials, like cedar shavings, can be harmful if ingested. Stick with safe materials like fleece, hay, or soft blankets to keep your guinea pig happy and healthy.

Selecting The Right Toys


Make sure the toys you select are the appropriate size for your guinea pig. Toys that are too small can be a choking hazard, while those that are too large can be difficult for your pet to chew.


It’s important to choose toys made from safe, non-toxic materials. Avoid anything made of cheap plastic or metal, as these can be harmful if ingested. Instead, opt for toys made of natural materials like wood or bamboo.


Choose toys that will help your guinea pig stay active and engaged. Some good options include tunnels, hiding spots, and chew toys. Be sure to rotate the types of toys you offer to keep your pet stimulated and interested.

Selecting The Right Hay Rack

A guinea pig’s cage should be filled with plenty of hay, and a hayrack is the best way to keep it clean and organized. But with so many different types and sizes of hay racks on the market, how do you know which one is right for your guinea pig?


It should be big enough to hold a good amount of hay, but not so big that it takes up too much space in the cage. A hayrack that is too small will need to be refilled more often, while a hayrack that is too large will take up valuable space that your guinea pig could use for other things like exercise or toys.

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Some are made from wire, while others are made from plastic or even wood. Wire hay racks are typically more affordable, but they can also rust over time. Plastic and wood hay racks are more expensive, but they are also more durable and won’t rust.


Consider what type of design you want for your hayrack. Some have a simple trough design, while others have multiple levels or compartments. Choose a design that you think will work best for your guinea pig’s needs.

Should You Choose A Water Bottle Or Bowl For Your Guinea Pig?

Guinea pigs will drink water from both a bottle and a bowl, so how do you know which one is right for your guinea pig?

Guinea pigs with sensitive teeth may prefer a bottle with a spout to drink from instead of a bowl. Guinea pigs also like to play in their water, so a bowl may get dirty more quickly and need to be cleaned more often than a bottle.

However, some guinea pigs may not be able to figure out how to use a water bottle, so a bowl may be the better option for them. Ultimately, it’s up to you to decide what will work best for your guinea pig. Either way, the important thing is that your guinea pig is staying hydrated.

Choosing The Right Location For Your Guinea Pigs Cage

Choose a Safe and Quiet Area

Guinea pigs need a quiet and safe home away from potential predators. Avoid areas with direct sunlight, drafts, and excessive noise.

Make Sure it’s Ventilated

Guinea pigs need good ventilation to stay healthy and comfortable. Choose an area with adequate airflow and ventilation.

Consider the Temperature

Guinea pigs are prone to heatstroke, so make sure the area you choose isn’t too hot. If possible, set up the cage in an area with a moderate temperature.

Stay Away From Areas With Strong Odors

Guinea pigs are sensitive to strong odors, such as smoke, cleaning products, and perfumes. Choose an area free from strong odors.

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Avoid Areas With Excessive Humidity

Guinea pigs are prone to respiratory problems if their cage is too humid. Keep the cage in an area with low humidity.